Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
"War Communism was the name given to the economic system that existed inRussiafrom 1918 to 1921. War Communism was introduced by Lenin to combat the economic problems brought on by the civil warin Russia. It was a combination of emergency measures and socialist dogma.
One of the first measures of War Communism was the nationalisation ofland. Banks and shipping were also nationalised and foreign trade was declared a state monopoly. This was the response when Lenin realised that theBolshevikswere simply unprepared to take over the whole economic system of Russia. Lenin stressed the importance of the workers showing discipline and a will to work hard if the revolution was to survive. There were those in the Bolshevik hierarchy who wanted factory managers removed and the workers to take over the factories for themselves but on behalf of the people. It was felt that the workers would work better if they believed they were working for a cause as opposed to a system that made some rich but many poor. The civil war had made many in the Bolsheviks even more class antagonistic, as there were many of the old guard who were fighting to destroy the Bolsheviks.
On June 28th, 1918, a decree was passed that ended all forms of private capitalism. Many large factories were taken over by the state and on November 29th, 1920, any factory/industry that employed over 10 workers was nationalised.
War Communism also took control of the distribution of food. The Food Commissariat was set up…"